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Types of carpets

Carpets are beautiful floor coverings that can be used in a variety of instances. According to Encyclopedia Britannica the word carpet, until the 19th century, was used for any covering, including table covers and wall hangings. The introduction of machine-made products secluded the word to exclusive use for floor coverings only. Rugs are distinguished from carpets in the United States and Britain for the use of partial floor covering. However, the words may be used interchangeably.

Carpets consist of an upper layer of pile attached to a backing. In textiles, a pile is the raised surface or nap of a fabric made of upright loops or strands of yarn. The word pile is derived from the Latin word for hair Pilus.

Material

Carpets are made mostly from sheep’s wool, as it is strong, durable, easy to handle and dye. They may also be made from Camel or goat wool, but this is rare. Cotton is also at times used as a material for carpets.

Woven

These Carpets are produced through looms. It is quite similar to woven fabric. The pile is made from plush or Berber. The carpets are very expensive due to their extensive manufacturing process. These carpets are very famous in India, Pakistan, and the Middle Eastern countries.

Needle Felt

These carpets are the product of technological advances. Carpets are produced by intermingling and felting individual artificial fiber using barbed and forked needles. This technique forms an extremely strong carpet, which is usually found in hotels and restaurants that have a lot of traffic.

Knotted

A knotted pile carpet has a structural weft thread that alternates with a supplementary weft, which rises at right angles to the surface of the weave. Knitting by hand is most common in oriental rugs and carpets. There are several styles of knotting, but the main types are symmetrical (also known as Turkish or Ghiordes) and asymmetrical knotting (Persian or Senna).

Tufted

These carpets have pile injected into a backing (the other component in carpets). It is bonded to another (secondary) backing. This is made of woven hessian weave to provide stability. The pile is sheared to achieve different textures. It is the most widely used method of producing carpets in the world.

Flatweave

These are carpets made of interlocking warp and horizontal weft threads. They are commonly used in European flat woven varieties, including Venetian, Dutch, damask list and haircloth.

Hooked rug

A simple rug that is handmade by pulling strips of cloths, which may be wool or cotton material, through meshes of a sturdy fabric such as burlap. The rug type is generally made as a handicraft.

Embroidery Carpets

These carpets are not formed on a loom. The pattern they use is achieved by the application of stitches to a cloth base, often linen material. These carpets were usually made by aristocratic women at home. There has been commercial manufacture with the development of steel needles.

Stanton

Stanton’s are carpet makers that have dedicated themselves to the industry, establishing a brand that exudes style. Stanton is recognized today as one of the United States leading manufacturers of high-quality carpets and custom rugs. Stanton is a portfolio company of Quad-C Management, a private equity firm. You can shop at Absolute Flooring to fulfill all of your carpeting needs.